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About Programs Accredited by CODA
Program Options and Descriptions
Advanced dental education programs accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation (CODA) are offered across the country in a variety of disciplines of dentistry including the following (shown in alphabetical order):
The major distinction between the AEGD and GPR programs is the emphasis that the AEGD program places on clinical dentistry in contrast to the emphasis on medical management in the GPR program.The specific objectives of the program are to enhance competence and confidence in the various clinical disciplines that are integral components of dentistry. AEGD graduates should have a broader base of knowledge and experience to facilitate judgments in diagnosis, treatment planning, and decision making during treatment. Completion of an AEGD program can help to better prepare the dentist to evaluate patients' total oral health needs, provide a full range of general dental care, and refer patients, when indicated, to appropriate specialists. The AEGD program also increases the understanding of practice administration through hands-on experience in this area.
These educational programs are designed to train the dental resident, in the most comprehensive manner, to use pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic methods to manage anxiety and pain of adults, children, and patients with special care needs undergoing dental, maxillofacial and adjunctive procedures, as well as to be qualified in the diagnosis and non-surgical treatment of acute orofacial pain and to participate in the management of patients with chronic orofacial pain.
These programs prepare the graduate to deliver anxiety and pain control services for emergency and comprehensive multidisciplinary oral health care and to plan and provide anesthesia-related care for the full range of dental patients, including patients with special needs. In addition, graduates will be prepared to manage the delivery of oral health care by applying concepts of patient and practice management and quality improvement that are responsive to a dynamic health care environment. The training will prepare graduates to function effectively within the hospital, dental office, ambulatory surgery center, and other health care environments and within interdisciplinary health care teams.
Dental public health is the science and art of preventing and controlling dental diseases and promoting dental health through organized community efforts. It is that form of dental practice which serves the community as a patient rather than the individual. It is concerned with the dental health education of the public, with applied dental research, and with the administration of group dental care programs as well as the prevention and control of dental diseases on a community basis.
Most programs are dental public health residency programs that require a Master's in Public Health (MPH) degree or equivalent degree prior to admission. A MPH degree is usually earned at a School of Public Health, though equivalent programs are offered in some medical schools and health science centers. Graduate studies may be concentrated in health policy and administration, epidemiology, biostatistics, health behavior and education. Dentists and hygienists may enroll in most MPH programs.
Search Advanced Education Programs for a current list of the existing institutions that offer post-graduate programs in dental public health. Dental public health residency programs, based in academic and health department settings, are available to dentists who have completed a MPH degree program and desire applied, supervised field experience.
Endodontics is the branch of dentistry which is concerned with the morphology, physiology and pathology of the human dental pulp and periradicular tissues. Its study and practice encompass the basic and clinical sciences including biology of the normal pulp, the etiology, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases and injuries of the pulp and associated periradicular conditions. In addition, these specialists are involved in the use of magnification modalities and non-surgical and surgical endodontics treatment and retreatment.
Most programs offer two or three years of advanced training, which leads to a certificate or Master of Science degree in Endodontics.
The General Practice Residency (GPR) program is designed for advanced clinical and didactic training in general dentistry with intensive hospital experience at the postdoctoral level. GPR programs provide instruction and experience in the delivery of care to a wide range of ambulatory and hospitalized patients. This training and exposure prepares dentists to obtain privileges at local hospitals once in private practice. Most GPR programs are sponsored by either a hospital or a hospital affiliated institution such as a dental school.
Like the AEGD programs, the demand for GPRs has increased. GPR programs can be one or two years in length, the majority being one year. Both AEGD and GPR award a post-graduate certificate upon completion. Fellowships are sometimes available to serve as a third non-accredited year of training in a specific field of interest. GPR residents rotate through a variety of services including general medicine, general surgery and anesthesiology. Each program also includes advanced training and clinical experience in preventive dentistry, periodontics, restorative dentistry, endodontics, and oral surgery. Training in orthodontics and pediatric dentistry is desirable but not mandatory for GPR programs. The majority of the resident's experience is gained in the direct delivery of oral health care to ambulatory patients. The remaining time may be spent in the operating room involved with inpatient services, as well as the emergency room. Time is also devoted to non-dental services, such as lectures, conferences, and seminars.
Oral pathology is the branch of dentistry and discipline of pathology that deals with the nature, identification, and management of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial regions. It is a science that investigates the causes, processes, and effects of these diseases. The practice of oral pathology includes research and diagnosis of diseases using clinical, radiographic, microscopic, biochemical, or other examinations.
The oral pathologist acquires diagnostic and treatment skills through completion of a three year training program. Many programs are also affiliated with hospitals. Graduates from these programs obtain either a certificate and/or a Master of Science degree in Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology.
Oral and maxillofacial radiology is the branch of dentistry and discipline of radiology concerned with the production and interpretation of images and data produced by all modalities of radiant energy that are used for the diagnosis and management of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral and maxillofacial region.
Graduate training programs produce oral and maxillofacial radiology specialists for positions of responsibility in institutions of higher dental education, research, or in the private practice setting. Participants gain experience in oral and maxillofacial radiologic practice; acquire background information in radiation physics, biology, and protection; and enhance their teaching and research skills. Length of programs must be a minimum of 24 months full-time or its equivalent. Several programs offer the opportunity to obtain Ph.D. training in a related discipline.
Oral and maxillofacial surgery is the branch of dentistry which includes the diagnosis, surgical and adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries and defects involving both the functional and esthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region.
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons will study the four major surgery areas defined in the training standards: 1) trauma 2) pathology 3) orthognathic surgery and 4) reconstructive surgery. A DDS or DMD degree from an accredited dental education program are area among the entrance requirements for OMS programs. Currently the minimum requirement for OMS training is four years. An additional two to four years may be spent obtaining a joint MD or a PhD degree, depending on individual career goals.
Also there are accredited programs for fellowship training (a fellowship is a post-residency experience focused on a specific area) available in oral and maxillofacial surgery.
These are educational programs designed to provide training beyond the level of pre-doctoral education in oral health care, using applied basic and behavioral sciences. They are designed to expand the scope and depth of the graduates' knowledge and skills to enable them to provide comprehensive oral health care to a wide range of population groups. Education in these programs is based on the concept that oral health is an integral and interactive part of total health.
These programs prepare graduates to act as a primary care provider for individuals with chronic, recurrent and medically related disorders of the oral and maxillofacial region and to provide consultative services to physicians and dentists treating patients with chronic, recurrent and medically related disorders of the oral and maxillofacial region. In addition, graduates will be trained to manage the delivery of oral health care by applying concepts of patient and practice management and quality improvement that are responsive to a dynamic health care environment and to function effectively and efficiently in multiple health care environments and within interdisciplinary health care teams.
The programs are designed to provide training beyond the level of predoctoral education in oral health care, using applied basic and behavioral sciences to treat patients with orofacial pain. Education in these programs is based on the concept that oral health is an integral and interactive part of total health. The programs are designed to expand the scope and depth of the graduates' knowledge and skills to enable them to provide care for individuals with orofacial pain.
These programs prepare the graduate to plan and provide interdisciplinary/multidisciplinary health care for a wide variety of patients with orofacial pain as well as to provide education in orofacial pain relating to the basic mechanisms and the anatomic, physiologic, neurologic, vascular, behavioral, and psychosocial aspects of orofacial pain. In addition, graduates will be learn to interact with other health care professionals to facilitate the patient's total health care and to manage the delivery of oral health care by applying concepts of patient and practice management and quality improvement that are responsive to a dynamic health care environment. Graduates of these programs will be able to function effectively and efficiently in multiple health care environments and within interdisciplinary/multidisciplinary health care teams and will be trained to encourage the development of multidisciplinary teams composed of basic scientists and clinicians from appropriate disciplines to study orofacial pain conditions, to evaluate current therapeutic modalities, and to develop new and improve upon existing procedures for diagnosis and treatment/management of such conditions/diseases/syndromes.
Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics is the dental branch that includes the diagnosis, prevention, interception, and correction of malocclusion, as well as neuromuscular and skeletal abnormalities of the developing or mature orofacial structures.
Most programs are two or three years in length and offer a certificate and some offer an advanced degree option coupled with the certificate. Several programs offer a combined MS/PhD option. Most programs balance didactic, clinical, and research components. Training is also required in applied and radiographic anatomy, biomechanics, physics, biostatistics, research design, orthodontic technique, diagnosis, treatment planning, growth and development. Clinical experience is often supplemented by participation with interdisciplinary teams that provide care to patients with cleft palate and related craniofacial anomalies.
The Commission also accredits fellowship training programs (a fellowship is a post-residency experience focused on a specific area) in orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics.
Pediatric Dentistry is an age-defined branch of dentistry that provides both primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health care for infants and children through adolescence, including those with special health care needs. Pediatric dentists are dedicated to improving the oral health of infants, children, adolescents and patients with special health care needs.
All programs offer a certificate in pediatric dentistry, which is a necessary credential to practice and pursue board certification. Approximately half the programs offer master's degrees, which are awarded for completion of a university sanctioned research program. Program length must be a minimum of 24 months of full-time formal training. Due to the ever increasing knowledge on the topic, there is a trend in program length extension. Some trainees combine graduate study in pediatric dentistry with other postdoctoral studies, such as a master's degree program in oral biology or public health. Other trainees pursue doctoral training in a basic science.
Periodontics is that branch of dentistry which encompasses the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth or their substitutes and the maintenance of the health, function and esthetics of these structures and tissues.
Most programs are three years in length and offer a certificate. Other advanced degrees may be coupled with the certificate program, either on an optional or required basis upon completion of the program. In fact, by accreditation requirement, periodontic programs must be three consecutive academic years with a minimum of 30 months of instruction. The graduate training includes the basic biological sciences and clinical procedures. Many of the training programs have significant research activities associated with the curriculum.
Prosthodontics is the branch of dentistry pertaining to the diagnosis, treatment planning, rehabilitation and maintenance of the oral function, comfort, appearance and health of patients with clinical conditions associated with missing or deficient teeth and/or oral and maxillofacial tissues using biocompatible substitutes.
Maxillofacial Prosthetics is an option that graduates of a prosthodontic training program may wish to pursue. Maxillofacial prosthetics training equips the prosthodontist with the skills to meet the needs of certain medically compromised patients. For example, patients who require surgical resection of diseased facial bones and/or portions of the mouth are fitted with prostheses to replace these tissues or structures. Maxillofacial prosthodontists design and construct these more intricate appliances, which may also include prostheses to replace a missing ear, eye, or nose. Frequently, this specialist performs part of the practice within the hospital setting.
Most prosthodontics training programs are located in dental schools, hospitals, or government service facilities. Some programs are clinically focused, while others are focused on research. The preferred program places equal emphasis on fixed and removable prosthodontics, and includes some experience in maxillofacial prosthodontics. All accredited prosthodontics programs will be a minimum of 33 months in length. Some programs offer a certificate in prosthodontics; many offer both the certificate and the Master of Science degree.
Most maxillofacial prosthetics programs are one year in length, and based at dental schools or hospitals. Applicants must have successfully completed a training program in Prosthodontics.
The Commission on Dental Accreditation conducts annual surveys of all accredited predoctoral, advanced, and allied dental education programs.
Predoctoral dental education program survey reports include general information, student and graduate data, curriculum, and financial management data on dental schools in the U.S. and Puerto Rico.
The advanced dental education survey reports provide information on the advanced dental education programs in advanced education in general dentistry, general practice residency, dental anesthesiology, orofacial pain, oral medicine, dental public health, endodontics, oral and maxillofacial pathology, oral and maxillofacial radiology, oral and maxillofacial surgery, orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics, pediatric dentistry, periodontics and prosthodontics accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation.
The allied dental education survey reports summarize data provided by administrators of dental assisting, dental hygiene and dental laboratory technology programs accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation.
Annual survey of all predoctoral dental education programs accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation. Reports in the four-part series include general program information, student and graduate data, curriculum, and financial management of dental schools in the U.S. and Puerto Rico.
Report 1: Academic Programs, Enrollment and Graduates
Provides national and program-level survey year information on academic programs, admission requirements, financial assistance, instruction methods, patient care, and support personnel at U.S. dental schools. Also features trends in applications, first-year and total enrollment, first-year repeaters, and enrollment and graduates by gender and race/ethnicity. Some tables include data for dental schools in Canada.
- Download 2020-21 Report 1 (XLSX)
- Download 2019-20 Report 1 (XLSX)
- Download 2018-19 Report 1 (XLSX)
- Download 2017-18 Report 1 (XLSX)
- Download 2016-17 Report 1 (XLSX)
- Download 2015-16 Report 1 (XLSX)
- Download 2014-15 Report 1 (XLSX)
- Download 2013-14 Report 1 (XLSX)
- Download 2011-2012 and 2012-13 Report 1 (XLSX)
Report 2: Tuition, Admission and Attrition
Includes school-level and national data (both single-year and trend) on resident and non-resident tuition, general fees and other fixed costs associated with instruments, textbooks, and health services. Also provides data on admissions policies of dental schools in the U.S. and Canada, number of applications, academic qualifications of first-year students, criteria employed in the admissions process, advanced placement and number of international dental school graduates, distribution of first-year students according to citizenship, and student attrition and withdrawal information.
- Download 2020-21 Report 2 (XLSX)
- Download 2019-20 Report 2 (XLSX)
- Download 2018-19 Report 2 (XLSX)
- Download 2017-18 Report 2 (XLSX)
- Download 2016-17 Report 2 (XLSX)
- Download 2015-16 Report 2 (XLSX)
- Download 2014-15 Report 2 (XLSX)
- Download 2013-14 Report 2 (XLSX)
- Download 2011-12 and 2012-13 Report 2 (XLSX)
Report 3: Finances
Provides financial information from the previous fiscal year from accredited U.S. dental schools. Revenue and expenditures are presented by individual category and in total. Includes ratios of revenue and expenditures per student and comparisons between public and private schools. Trend data is provided for select revenue and expense categories. School-level data is presented anonymously.
- Download 2020-21 Report 3 (XLSX)
- Download 2019-20 Report 3 (XLSX)
- Download 2018-19 Report 3 (XLSX)
- Download 2017-18 Report 3 (XLSX)
- Download 2016-17 Report 3 (XLSX)
- Download 2015-16 Report 3 (XLSX)
- Download 2014-15 Report 3 (XLSX)
- Download 2013-14 Report 3 (XLSX)
- Download 2012-13 Report 3 (XLSX)
- Download 2011-12 Report 3 (XLSX)
Report 4: Curriculum
The curriculum survey was updated in the 2014-15 school year to provide dental schools with an internal benchmarking tool that monitors compliance to CODA standards and prepares programs for future site visits. The survey is currently conducted every other year. The revised report features national-level survey year data divided into the following sections:
- Instructional methods and assessments of competency used to demonstrate compliance with select CODA Standards
- Evaluation methods used to generate evidence of compliance with CODA Standards on the learning environment
- Methods used to integrate instruction in biomedical and behavioral sciences with instruction in the clinical sciences, as described in the document "Foundation Knowledge for the General Dentist,” prepared by the Joint Commission on National Dental Examinations (JCNDE) Committee on the Integrated Examination (CIE)
- Descriptions of curriculum format, content and innovations
- Type of program sites used for rendering care, by patient type and class year
- Clock hours of instruction by category and class year
- Download 2018-19 Report 4 (XLSX)
- Download 2016-17 Report 4 (XLSX)
- Download 2015-16 Report 4 (XLSX)
- Download 2014-15 Report 4 (XLSX)
The previous version of the curriculum report, last published for 2010-11, summarized clock hours of instruction in biomedical sciences; dental/clinical sciences; and behavioral, social, information, and research sciences in U.S. dental schools by curriculum type and major teaching area.
- Download 2010-11 Report 4 (XLSX)
Provides annual information on the advanced dental education programs accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation. These include the following: advanced education in general dentistry (AEGD), general practice residency (GPR), dental anesthesiology, orofacial pain, oral medicine, dental public health (DPH), endodontics, oral and maxillofacial pathology, oral and maxillofacial radiology, oral and maxillofacial surgery, orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics, pediatric dentistry, periodontics, and prosthodontics.
The report features data on program directors; student enrollment and graduates by gender, race/ethnicity, and program type; tuition and stipends; instruction methods; enrollment of international dental school graduates; use of off-campus sites for training; and non-accredited programs offered by dental schools.
Download 2020-21 Survey of Advanced Dental Education report (XLSX)
Download 2019-20 Survey of Advanced Dental Education report (XLSX)
Download 2018-19 Survey of Advanced Dental Education report (XLSX)
Download 2017-18 Survey of Advanced Dental Education report (XLSX)
Download 2016-17 Survey of Advanced Dental Education report (XLSX)
Download 2015-16 Survey of Advanced Dental Education report (XLSX)
Download 2014-15 Survey of Advanced Dental Education report (XLSX)
Download 2013-14 Survey of Advanced Dental Education report (XLSX)
Download 2011-12 and 2012-13 Survey of Advanced Dental Education report (XLSX)
Annual series summarizes data provided by administrators of dental assisting, dental hygiene, and dental laboratory technology programs accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation. Includes descriptions of academic programs and other survey year program-level data on admission requirements, applications, student costs, enrollment and graduate levels, student and faculty characteristics, and curriculum. The report also features trend data on program capacity, applications, enrollment, graduates, and student costs.
Report 1: Dental Hygiene Education Programs
Download 2020-21 Report 1 (XLSX)
Download 2019-20 Report 1 (XLSX)
Download 2018-19 Report 1 (XLSX)
Download 2017-18 Report 1 (XLSX)
Download 2016-17 Report 1 (XLSX)
Download 2015-16 Report 1 (XLSX)
Download 2014-15 Report 1 (XLSX)
Download 2013-14 Report 1 (XLSX)
Download 2011-12 and 2012-13 Report 1 (XLSX)
Report 2: Dental Assisting Education Programs
Download 2020-21 Report 2 (XLSX)
Download 2019-20 Report 2 (XLSX)
Download 2018-19 Report 2 (XLSX)
Download 2017-18 Report 2 (XLSX)
Download 2016-17 Report 2 (XLSX)
Download 2015-16 Report 2 (XLSX)
Download 2014-15 Report 2 (XLSX)
Download 2013-14 Report 2 (XLSX)
Download 2011-12 and 2012-13 Report 2 (XLSX)
Report 3: Dental Laboratory Technology Education Programs
Download 2020-21 Report 3 (XLSX)
Download 2019-20 Report 3 (XLSX)
Download 2018-19 Report 3 (XLSX)
Download 2017-18 Report 3 (XLSX)
Download 2016-17 Report 3 (XLSX)
Download 2015-16 Report 3 (XLSX)
Download 2014-15 Report 3 (XLSX)
Download 2013-14 Report 3 (XLSX)
Download 2011-12 and 2012-13 Report 3 (XLSX)